俺beh tahan 了！
That first castle was burned by rebellious natives, and a second one built. That building saw one of the most horrifying episodes in York's colourful history in 1190.
A mob of citizens rioted against the Jewish population of York, and 1190 of the Jews took refuge inside the castle. Many of the Jews committed suicide rather than allow themselves to be captured by the bloodthirsty mob outside, and more died when the building was set on fire. The remainder were slaughtered by the mob.
Another wooden castle was built to replace the burned building, but this blew down in the 13th century. A new stone castle in a quatrefoil shape was built in 1270 on the orders of Henry III. The roof of the tower was lost to fire in 1684.
For more please visit http://www.britainexpress.com/cities/york/cliffords.htm
1809AD - 1882ADEmerging from the railway station and walking towards the city you can’t ignore the impressive statue of George Leeman standing outside the first arch in the city walls.
Leeman was a successful lawyer and politician, but it was his impact on the railways that was his greatest legacy. He played a significant part in the investigations into illegal share dealings that led to the downfall of his political opponent, George Hudson, the “Railway King” .
In 1849 he succeeded Hudson as Chairman of the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway and promoted the mergers which created the North Eastern Railway Company in 1854. The North Eastern, with its headquarters in York, became one of the wealthiest railways in the country and he was chairman from 1874 to 1880.
Born in York in 1809, articled to a York solicitor, Leeman established a very successful legal practice in 1835. An Alderman of the city for 28 years he was elected Lord Mayor on three occasions and was a Member of Parliament for York between 1865 and 1880. In these roles he was a staunch defender of Yorks’ antiquities and pushed through the restoration of much of the city walls.
Outside York he was a prime mover in the development in the 1860’s of iron ore mining in Rosedale to supply the Teeside steel works. At national level he was Chairman of the Railway Association of Great Britain and in 1875 at Darlington presided over the celebrations of the first fifty years of railways.
His contributions to the development of York were appropriately recognised in the statue of him carved by the York sculptor GW Milburn and paid for by public subscription.